What exactly is a bridge or fixed prosthesis?
In case of loss of one or more teeth, it is a treatment method based on the support of adjacent teeth to fill the gaps that occur.
There are two types:
- The fixed bridge: can only be broken by a specialist.
- The movable bridge: can be removed by the person during mouth cleaning. However, it is not practiced at present.
They are necessary for your appearance, dental health and dental functions. A bridge can help maintain the natural shape of your face and support the lip - cheek. The loss of a molar tooth can make your face look older and worn than it is.
More importantly, the absence of the missing teeth disrupts the health of the mouth and teeth. Each tooth is designed to complement one another. When a tooth is lost, the other teeth move or bend over time to the space created by the missing tooth. The tooth in the opposite jaw also extends into the cavity. These unusual tooth movements cause stresses in both the tooth and the gingiva. In addition, destruction of the gum and bone tissue occurs. Since normal - natural tooth contacts are impaired, the teeth are prone to rot, since physiological cleaning is also hindered.
Missing teeth negatively affect chewing and speech. Because it helps to make a lot of sounds while talking, speaking properly is possible with a complete tooth structure. In addition, unilateral chewing imposes a pathological load on the joints.
How to attach a bridge?
A fixed bridge is affixed to the space resulting from the absence of the missing tooth, with the support of the natural teeth next to it. Thus, an artificial tooth replaces the missing tooth. Artificial teeth are attached to crowns prepared on natural teeth.
Are there different types of bridges?
Yeah! The implants attach the artificial tooth directly to the jaw or under the gingiva. Since implantation requires surgical intervention, general health must be in place and have adequate bone structure to implant the implant. In some instances, bridges made by bonding are also used to compensate for lost teeth. Because these bridges are attached to other teeth by a special process, there is no need for crowning. Your dentist will determine which treatment method will be suitable for you.
What kind of material is used in bridge operation?
When selecting bridge material, the appearance and function are taken into account. Bridges can be made of gold alloys, non-precious alloys, porcelain or a combination of all these materials.
How should we protect the bridge?
Protecting healthy teeth in our mouth is very important. We need to brush at least twice a day and clean with interfacial cleansers (dental floss, special brushes). Cleaners help to clean the layer of sticky bacteria, which we call a plate. Plaques lead to gum disease and tooth decay. If the tooth or tooth holding bone is damaged in any way, the tooth bridge may lose its support.
In particular, the area around the bridge, gold and natural tooth connection areas need to be carefully cleaned. Dental floss and special brushes will help us reach these areas. Most importantly, you should visit your dentist regularly. Please note that the dentist factor in the planning and installation phase of the bridge is the most important factor that determines the life of the bridge.
What is a crown (full coating) and why is it used?
A coating applied to the tooth to restore a damaged tooth. Its purpose is to beautify, strengthen and protect the female.
Crown can be made in the following cases:
• to restore a large filler if there is not enough dental support,
• to prevent breakage of weak teeth,
• as a superstructure of a dental implant,
• to cover broken, deformed or colored teeth.
What are the most suitable materials for crown coatings?
When selecting the most suitable material for you, both image and function are considered. Your dentist; the tooth placement, the position of the gum tissue, the amount of teeth that appear when you smile, the color of your teeth and the functions of the teeth will evaluate and make a decision about it. Crowns can be made of various materials. These; gold or more precious alloys can be porcelain (ceramic), acrylic, composite or a combination thereof.
How is a crown placed?
The crowning process is done in a few steps. Your dentist will prepare your teeth properly as needed, remove any caries if they are present, and measure to obtain a complete model of the tooth. Your crown will be finalized according to the model obtained. Once the crown is fully ready, your dentist will put you in place after making the necessary adjustments. Once you and your dentist are satisfied with their appearance and position, the crown is permanently adhered.
How to maintain the crowns?
You should brush your teeth twice a day and clean with a dental floss. This cleaning process will remove plaques from bacteria. The most important point in this regard is the removal of plaque in the area where your teeth and gums meet. To avoid breaking or damaging the crowns, it is necessary to avoid chewing the hard food and objects. As in any case, visiting your dentist routinely will extend the life of the crowns.
What is the appearance of a completed crown?
One of the primary goals of your dentist is to simulate the artificial tooth as much as possible to the natural tooth. To accomplish this, color, shape, biting, and the size of both natural and artificial teeth are taken into account. Any of these factors can significantly affect your appearance. As a result of this procedure, you should talk to your dentist in the first session about what you look like.